England team manager Phil Neale has charged India's Ravindra Jadeja under Level 2 of the International Cricket Council's code of conduct.
The allegation relates to the altercation between Jadeja and England bowler James Anderson as they made their way off for lunch on day two of the first Investec Test at Trent Bridge.
India decided on Tuesday to charge Anderson at Level 3 - under which guilt is punishable by up to a four-Test ban - and the England and Wales Cricket Board immediately made clear its intention to send a counter-allegation against Jadeja to Dubai.
On Wednesday afternoon, the eve of the second Test at Lord's, the ICC acknowledged receipt.
A press release read: "The ICC today confirmed that England team manager Phil Neale has charged India's Ravindra Jadeja under Level 2 of the ICC Code of Conduct for Players and Player Support Personnel for an alleged incident that took place on the second day of the first cricket Test at Trent Bridge.
"The alleged offence has been reported under Article 2.2.11 of the ICC Code of Conduct for Players and Player Support Personnel, which states: "Where the facts of the alleged incident are not adequately or clearly covered by any of the above offences, conduct that either: (a) is contrary to the spirit of the game; or (b) brings the game into disrepute."
All Level 2 breaches carry a fine of between 50-100 per cent of a match fee or a possible one-Test ban.