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Pengilly questions anti-doping
Britain's International Olympic Committee member Adam Pengilly has revealed that a number of athletes pleaded with him not to vote for Madrid and to a lesser extent Istanbul for the 2020 Games due to doping scandals.
Tokyo won the IOC vote to stage the Olympics on Saturday after presentations by all three cities that saw Pengilly take the lead in asking probing questions on the doping issues, and on the threat posed to Tokyo by the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant.
Pengilly said that Madrid failed to give a clear answer over the Operation Puerto scandal, where a court has ordered a number of suspect blood bags belonging to athletes be destroyed rather than tested.
The former skeleton racer, who is on the IOC Athletes Commission, said: "I asked anti-doping questions because those needed to be answered by both the Madrid and Istanbul bids and on Fukushima by Tokyo.
"A number of athletes, most of them British, had asked me not to vote for Madrid because of the Puerto situation.
"I asked what would I say to those athletes who were potentially cheated out of success by those anonymous bags and no I didn't get a clear answer on that."
IOC president Jacques Rogge also said the doping scandals may have proved costly to both Madrid's and Istanbul's hopes.
Tokyo, the capital of Japan - a country that has never had a positive test by an athlete in either the Olympics or the Paralympics - went on to win the IOC vote comfortably beating Istanbul by 60 to 36 votes in the final round after Madrid had been eliminated.
Rogge said: "It is clear that the IOC members pay a lot of attention to the situation in the fight against doping.
"However it's very difficult to assess if it has played a major role in the voting itself."
Pengilly said it was "really hard" to determine whether the doping issues had made a difference and said he was satisfied by Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe tackling the Fukushima issue head-on in Tokyo's final presentation.
Abe promised the IOC: "I shall take the responsibility to implement programmes to render this situation completely problem-free and I say that most emphatically and unequivocally."
Pengilly admitted that he had to tread a fine line between asking tough questions and not upsetting other IOC members.
He added: "There is that potential and I am aware I have to be a bit delicate if I upset my fellow members - otherwise my relationship and influence would be diminished.
"So there is a balance to be had in representing the people who elected me and being honest and frank and getting clear answers when we need them but doing it in a way that's not going to upset them."