MPs hit at plastic bag tax ruling

It is hoped the 5p bag charge will reduce litter, cut carbon emissions and reduce waste

It is hoped the 5p bag charge will reduce litter, cut carbon emissions and reduce waste

First published in National News © by

Excluding smaller retailers from a 5p plastic bag charge in England risks watering down moves to cut the use of single-use carrier bags, MPs said.

The parliamentary Environmental Audit Committee said the Government had ignored calls to change the levy scheme so that it included all retailers, in the same way a successful scheme in Wales had.

But the Government has admitted its proposed exemption for "biodegradable" plastic bags will not be included when the scheme is introduced in October 2015 - as no such bag currently exists.

In its report on bringing in a 5p charge on single-use bags in England, the EAC labelled the planned exemption for biodegradable bags as "risky and unnecessary", warning that it could lead to contamination of plastic recycling, undermine the reductions in bag use and send confused messages to shoppers.

In its response to the EAC report published today, the Government said there would always be a need for carrier bags, for example for impulse buys.

It said the proposed exemption for biodegradable bags represented a challenge to industry to develop a bag with fewer environmental impacts across its life-cycle and which could be identified and separated in waste and recycling systems.

The exemption would not be included in the legislation until standards for a genuinely biodegradable bag had been developed, so it would not come into effect when the scheme was introduced in October 2015, officials said.

But the Government has stuck to plans to exclude smaller shops from having to implement the charge to "reduce the burden on start- up and growing businesses in England at a time when the Government is supporting new growth in our economy".

And it confirmed the scheme would not apply to paper bags, but o nly apply to plastic bags, which take a long time to break down in the environment, can harm wildlife, and litter towns and countryside.

Environmental Audit Committee chairwoman Joan Walley said: "The 5p bag charge is the right solution - it will reduce litter, cut carbon emissions and reduce waste.

"Despite our committee's recommendations, the Government has decided not to apply the charge across the board, but to go ahead with its proposed exemptions. That risks diluting the benefits of the charge.

"The decision to only include large retailers is particularly short-sighted and ignores calls from all of the main small retailer organisations to be included in the scheme.

"I am pleased, however, that the Government has conceded that the proposed exemption for biodegradable plastic bags could cause problems for the UK's recycling industry and will now not be included when the charge is introduced next year."

She added: "The Government should think again about an exemption for small businesses. The Government says simply that some trade bodies are opposed.

"The Government should tell us which trade bodies are against, so that we can see exactly what the evidence says for ourselves."

Shadow environment secretary Maria Eagle said: " For months the Tories' Environment Secretary Owen Paterson delayed the introduction of a plastic bag levy because he wanted an exemption for biodegradable bags, even though scientists said this was a flawed policy that would damage the environment and the recycling industry.

"He was forced into an embarrassing U-turn on his fantasy biodegradable bags and now he has undermined the scheme by exempting some retailers. This is an unscientific mess from a Government that is allergic to science."

The Break the Bag Habit campaign, backed by organisations including Keep Britain Tidy, the Marine Conservation Society, the Campaign to Protect Rural England and Surfers against Sewage, criticised the failure to include paper bags.

Campaigners said the move ignored evidence that fast food retailers used paper bags for their products and it was one of the most commonly littered items. They have a negative impact on the environment due to the carbon emissions in the distribution.

Samantha Harding, on behalf of the Break the Bag Habit campaign, said: "The Government's commitment to blundering on with a scheme at odds to all professional advice is mystifying and frustrating.

"How is it possible to ignore the advice it's been given, including from within Parliament itself? The result is it's making a hash out of something very simple.

"It's not too late for the Government to get this right. It just needs to leave politics aside and do what it's supposed to do - create a workable policy that delivers the best social, economic and environmental benefits.

"We urgently want to see paper bags and small retailers included in the scheme."

Tony Breton, UK strategist for biodegradable bio-plastics manufacturer Novamont, said: "We are very concerned about the potential for lengthy delays to the introduction of an exemption - which cause investment hiatus and could be extremely damaging for the UK's bioplastics and composting industries.

"The Government should speed up the exemption process by using existing robust standards for compostable plastics, rather than go through the lengthy process of creating new standards for plastics which do not currently exist."

Comments (3)

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4:33pm Tue 17 Jun 14

magic_chimp says...

Instead of passing yet another stealth 'Green' tax why not force Supermarkets etc to provide biodegradable plastic bags or paper bags rather than make the consumer suffer.
You have to carry your weekly/monthly shopping out in something so why have to cough up 5p per plastic bag when it's not beyond the massive profits of the largest retailers to swallow the cost of producing 'Green' bags to transport your shopping to the car and into the house.
I begrudge paying to use something that is a necessary part of shopping.
Instead of passing yet another stealth 'Green' tax why not force Supermarkets etc to provide biodegradable plastic bags or paper bags rather than make the consumer suffer. You have to carry your weekly/monthly shopping out in something so why have to cough up 5p per plastic bag when it's not beyond the massive profits of the largest retailers to swallow the cost of producing 'Green' bags to transport your shopping to the car and into the house. I begrudge paying to use something that is a necessary part of shopping. magic_chimp
  • Score: 2

9:33am Thu 26 Jun 14

zerowasteisthewaytogo says...

Why aren't you taking your own reusable bags shopping? Leave the single-use ones for the times when you have really accidentally forgotten to take them.

Everybody used to have wicker shopping baskets - they were good because the contents weren't crushed so you didn't need as much packaging. Now you need bigger and stronger bags if you are going to buy all that packaging as well. The supermarkets sell subsidised ones or you can promote the charity or cause of your choice by buying your own elsewhere. Buy your vegetables naked and you won't need to carry so much home.

So many single-use ones aren't reused at all despite claims. So try to REDUCE the number you use by taking your own bags shopping. Keep some in the car - because you are likely to buy more when you are driving it home!

The stronger ones don't hurt your hands so much when heavy and stand up rather than falling over when put down. So you may find that you prefer them.

You should read the prize winning essay " The Perils of Plastic Amnesia". Plastic carrier bags have not actually been around that long! They were invented to help you to buy and take home more than you could carry. They have now progressed to delivering purchases to you by the truckload!

The single use bag is NOT necessary and YOU CAN give it up. It is just a lazy modern habit. Don't advertise for the supermarket free - advertise your own cause. You'll find a new freedom when you limit the number coming in and empty that drawer/cupboard stuffed with them!
Why aren't you taking your own reusable bags shopping? Leave the single-use ones for the times when you have really accidentally forgotten to take them. Everybody used to have wicker shopping baskets - they were good because the contents weren't crushed so you didn't need as much packaging. Now you need bigger and stronger bags if you are going to buy all that packaging as well. The supermarkets sell subsidised ones or you can promote the charity or cause of your choice by buying your own elsewhere. Buy your vegetables naked and you won't need to carry so much home. So many single-use ones aren't reused at all despite claims. So try to REDUCE the number you use by taking your own bags shopping. Keep some in the car - because you are likely to buy more when you are driving it home! The stronger ones don't hurt your hands so much when heavy and stand up rather than falling over when put down. So you may find that you prefer them. You should read the prize winning essay " The Perils of Plastic Amnesia". Plastic carrier bags have not actually been around that long! They were invented to help you to buy and take home more than you could carry. They have now progressed to delivering purchases to you by the truckload! The single use bag is NOT necessary and YOU CAN give it up. It is just a lazy modern habit. Don't advertise for the supermarket free - advertise your own cause. You'll find a new freedom when you limit the number coming in and empty that drawer/cupboard stuffed with them! zerowasteisthewaytogo
  • Score: 1

6:29am Thu 3 Jul 14

zerowasteisthewaytogo says...

We'll be the last country in the UK to charge for single use carrier bags.
Wales and Northern Ireland already charge for them and Scotland will be bringing in a charge in October.

Ireland already charges and so do many other countries around the world.
They are also banned in some countries.

It is time we caught up.
We'll be the last country in the UK to charge for single use carrier bags. Wales and Northern Ireland already charge for them and Scotland will be bringing in a charge in October. Ireland already charges and so do many other countries around the world. They are also banned in some countries. It is time we caught up. zerowasteisthewaytogo
  • Score: 1
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